Mangkhut's peak winds have been stronger than those of Hurricane Florence, which killed five people and halted power supply to more than 900,000 USA homes and businesses in the Carolinas, before it was downgraded to a tropical storm.
Mangkhut, the Thai name for Southeast Asia's mangosteen fruit, was expected to skirt 100 km (62 miles) south of Hong Kong and veer west towards the coast of China's Guangdong province, and the gaming center of Macau.
"Representatives from relevant bureaus and departments also reported their preparatory work and contingency plans, particularly on measures in the prevention and handling of flooding, backflow of seawater and emergency plans for high-risk locations", a government statement read. Tolentino and other officials advised them not to return home until the lingering danger had passed.
Nearly all buildings in the city of Tuguegarao, Cagayan's provincial capital, sustained damage, a government official said.
Super Typhoon Mangkhut is now heading for the Philippines.
Sagud-Bahley, San Fabian in Pangasinan after Typhoon Mangkhut, known locally as Ompong, hit the Philippines, in this still image taken from a September 15, 2018 video from the Philippine Red Cross.
Tuguegarao airport terminal was badly damaged, its roof and glass windows shattered by strong wind, which also sent chairs, tables and papers flipping about inside, Lorenzana said.
Meteorologists have warned that the storm may have a "high humanitarian impact" based on the high wind speeds and the exposed population located in vulnerable areas.
Two rescuers were killed trying to help people trapped in a landslide.
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On Monday morning, the International Space Station also captured video of Florence with winds of 115 miles an hour. The massive storm is threatening the East Coast of the U.S. with an expected landfall early Friday.
There are warnings that typhoon Mangkhut could result in storm surges of as much as 23 feet in the landfall region, suggesting significant coastal damage to communities in its path.
Its tropical storm-force winds extended 550 miles across, according to the country's weather agency, making it almost double the size of Florence, the hurricane-turned-tropical storm that made landfall over the southeastern United States on Friday.
The Hong Kong government said Mangkhut will pose "a severe threat to the region" as many residents in the territory and Macau stocked up on food and supplies.
As the storm headed for China, Cathay Pacific airline said it expects more than 400 flight cancelations over the next three days.
"They [authorities] said this typhoon is twice as strong as the last typhoon, that's why we are terrified", Myrna Parallag, 53, told reporters after fleeing her home in the northern Philippines.
Typhoon Mangkhut is expected to near Hong Kong on Sunday and make landfall in southern China that night or into Monday.
Around 12,000 people have been evacuated from low-lying parts of China's Guangdong province and shipping halted, according to state media.
An estimated 5.2 million people are within 125 kilometers (77 miles) of the projected path of the Super Typhoon, according to the National Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Council.
Typhoon Haiyan left more than 7,300 people dead or missing, flattened villages, swept ships inland and displaced more than 5 million in the central Philippines in 2013.